How does the Hip joint work?
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Hip arthroscopy is a relatively new surgical technique that can be effectively employed to treat a variety of hip conditions.
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Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) is a condition arising due an abnormal shape of the bones of the hip joint causing them, to rub against each other. As a result, pinching and friction occurs at the point of contact of femur and the hip socket, creating damage to the hip joint.
Labrum is a ring of strong fibrocartilaginous tissue lining around the socket of the hip joint. Labrum serves many functions where it acts as shock absorber, lubricates the joint, and distributes the pressure equally. It holds the head of the femur in place and prevents the lateral and vertical movement of the femur head with in the joint. It also deepens the acetabular cavity and offers stability against femoral head translation.
The three hamstring muscles, namely semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femoris, run down the back of the thigh and help you bend (flex) your knee and extend your leg. Hamstring injuries are common in athletes who participate in sports which involve running such as track, soccer, and basketball.
Gluteus medius is one of 3 muscles in the buttocks and is situated on the outer surface of the hip. The function of the gluteus medius is to assist with pelvis stability, hip abduction, along with internal and external rotation of the hip. Tears of the gluteus medius usually occur where the tendon inserts at the greater trochanter, causing lateral hip pain.